Type of toilet


This map shows a comparison of the use of different types of toilet by indicating only the main type used in each village. The census recorded four types of toilets, namely a ‘modern toilet’ – this being a flushable water toilet, a ‘normal toilet’ without a flush, toilets of other types and no toilet. In each village the type most frequently named by the individual households was taken as the main type.

On the map, villages with modern and normal toilets as their main types are coloured green and blue respectively, while the brown colour indicates those villages where a majority of households were reported to have no toilets. The gray colour indicates the presence of other types of toilets, while the white colour shows villages where no data were available. In general it can be seen that as yet the majority of households in most of the villages have no toilet facilities. In those villages where toilets are more common, the normal toilet is the most common throughout the Lao PDR and is particularly common in the north and the central region. Modern toilets are still extremely rare in the country and according to the census data only 5 villages report this as the main type, even in city centres.

Statistical results from the National Population and Housing Census of 2005 provide further insights. In total, 38.5% of Lao households use a normal toilet, 9% use other types, and only 1.8% use a modern toilet. Almost half of the households do not use any toilet at all. In rural areas the proportion of households using proper toilets was 27% compared to 76% in urban areas. Vientiane Capital has the highest use of toilets with a 9.2 % use of modern toilets and 73.6 % of normal toilets.

In more densely populated areas the use of toilets is a crucial factor in the general health and wellbeing of the people. This map can be compared to the previous map on the access to clean water (cf. Map H.4). Access to clean water in the absence of proper environmentally sound sanitation becomes an even greater problem. The construction of simple latrines may have a considerable effect on improving human health, mainly that of children.



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