Main type of house walls


In the Population and Housing Census of 2005 households were asked what material had been used to build the walls of their houses. The results showed that 43.2% of households had wooden walls, 35.7% had walls made of split bamboo, and 17.6% had cement-block walls while only 2.0% used other materials. Another 1.5% of the households were unable to say what their walls were made of. From the map it can be seen that households with walls of wood or bamboo are distributed throughout the country although there are some differences, in that houses with walls of different materials are found in clusters in and around population centres.

Map H.3 depicts the main type of walls for each village. It can be seen, that in many villages split and woven bamboo dominates. These houses are found from the north to the south while many villages where wood is the dominant wall type are found in the north-east of the province of Huaphanh, in the province of Xiengkhuang, and in the south of Phongsaly province. In the west of the southern region, for example in the provinces of Champasack and Savannakhet, a few houses are built with cement-block walls. This is also true for some parts of Vientiane Capital, with fewer in the southernmost part of Xayaboury province and in Xaysomboune Special Zone. Villages, where the dominant type of walls per village can not be determined are distributed in many provinces. The highest percentage is found in the province of Luangprabang with smaller percentages in the provinces of Huaphanh, Bokeo, Savannakhet and Sekong, and the lowest percentage in the province of Attapeu.

In summary it can be seen that although wood is the most commonly used material overall, the map shows that the use of bamboo is more widely spread across the country. Next in popularity is wood which is available in local markets. Its availability and distribution have been markedly improved by road construction and the installation of wood processing plants which are mainly sawmills with planing and profiling machinery. Second and third quality sawn wood products are shipped to major markets within the country and do-it-yourself equipment, small circular saws, planes and sanding equipment have supported the increased private use of sawn wood, plywood and fibreboard. Flooring and walls from wood are strong and give protection against cold in mountain regions but are frequently subject to termite attack if not properly protected. For those households close to wood processing installations wood for building is an affordable and often very suitable building material.




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