Composition of villages by ethno-linguistic families


The same ethnic classification, namely that of the four main ethno-linguistic families, used in the previous map (Map F.1) is presented here.  However, this map shows only the main ethno-linguistic family in terms of people for each village. This therefore allows the identification of the numbers of people in the village belonging to a particular majority group. If the village is populated by only one ethno-linguistic family (more than 99% of the population), the colour is dark. If the village is populated by one group accounting for more than 80%, the colour tone is light. This means that there are other ethno-linguistic families in the village but they do not account for more than 20% of the village population.  Finally, there are villages coloured light grey, which are perhaps the most interesting. In these villages, there is no one ethno-linguistic family that accounts for more than 80%. This means that there is a significant mixture of at least two ethno-linguistic groups.

On first sight the map reveals that a single ethno-linguistic family still dominates in the majority of villages, or in other words, that there is a considerable segregation of villages by ethnicity. According to the results of the National Population and Housing Census of 2005, only one ethno-linguistic family live in 43% of all villages while another 45% of villages are dominated by one ethno-linguistic family accounting for more than 80% of the village population, and only 12% of the villages show a significant mix of at least two ethno-linguistic families. Of further interest is the fact that of the four ethno-linguistic families those of the Tai-Kadai and the Mon-Khmer are more likely to live in mixed villages than are the other two families.

The map also allows the identification of three interesting spatial patterns. First, it shows the main regions where a particular ethno-linguistic family dominate in many adjacent villages.  Second, it shows those regions where different ethno-linguistic groups live in mixed villages. This is the case in the southern part of Huaphanh Province and is generally more pronounced in the north of the country, whereas the geographical demarcation of ethnic groups in the south seems to be clearer. Third, the pattern of villages coloured white follows the road network and partly follows the urban areas. This could be an indication of higher migration rates but also of policy-induced relocation or merging of villages. It is interesting to compare this pattern with maps in the section on migration.




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