Internal migration    

In order to gather information on internal migration as part of the 2005
National Population and Housing Census, two different types of questions were asked. The first question asked the people being counted in which district they had been born and where they had been living at the time of the previous census. The second question asked if any member of a household had moved in and out during the 12 months prior to the census.

This first map shows the percentage of the village population who had been born in a district other than that of their current residence. So this indicator presents the life-time internal migration. The majority of the population (82%) were found to be still living in the district in which they were born. Lifetime migration is significantly higher in Vientiane Capital where 41% of the current population were born in other districts. Further high lifetime migration with averages of over 20% was recorded in the provinces of Vientiane, Luangnamtha, Bokeo, Borikhamxay, Xiengkhuang, and Sekong.

For the most part the provinces of Luangprabang and Huaphanh have migration rates of less than 10% while the provinces of Phongsaly and Oudomxay have areas with the lowest migration rates in the north of Lao PDR.

Overall it can be seen that internal life time migration is closely related to the main infrastructure axes, and that some regions mainly in the centre, the north and the south have significantly higher rates than their surroundings.




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