C.2    
 
District migration    
 

In addition to life-time migration (see Map C.1) the 2005 National Population and Housing Census also captured the migration both within and out of the country during the 12 months prior to the census. Households were asked if any member had joined or left the household during this period. The respondents were also asked for the destination or the origin of the migration in terms of the province and district. The questions were subject to reporting errors, in particular whether the head of household could remember the movements and whether the question could have been considered as having been sensitive.

The 2005 Census revealed that a total of 53,600 people had migrated which is many more than the average annual migration between the two censuses of 1995 and 2005.  Of this migration 60% was migration within a single province and about 40% was province-to-province migration.  Furthermore, 40% of the migrants that migrated across province boundaries went to the capital, Vientiane.

The map shows that the majority of districts are experiencing a net emigration whereas only few districts of Vientiane Capital and of the provinces of Khammuane, Sekong, and Attapeu saw a net immigration during the 12 months prior to the 2005 Census. Huaphanh, Xiengkhuang, and Luangprabang Provinces experienced the largest net outflows. The migration from remote areas to more prosperous or developing regions such as the country’s capital is easy to interpret. However, the high immigration rates in the more remote districts are less easy to explain.

 

 

 


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